Simply Viewing religion as a natural process and considered it as something that was ultimately good for our mental well being. To begin with Jung argued the libido which is said to be the main cause of neuroses is where psychic energy is produced, the energy is needed for the work of our personality to be performed efficiently, opposing to what Freud defines as a sexual drive essential to be released. We will write a custom essay sample on? Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.
Meaning, NatureRole and other details Words Article shared by: Religion is an almost universal institution in human society. It is found in all societies, past and present. All the preliterate societies known to us have religion.
Religion goes back to the beginning of the culture itself. It is a very ancient institution. There is no primitive society without religion. Like other social institutions, religion also arose from the intellectual power of man in response to certain felt needs of men. While most people consider religion as universal and therefore, a significant institution of societies.
It is the foundation on which the normative structure of society stands.
It is the social institution that deals with sacred things, that lie beyond our knowledge and control. It has influenced other institutions.
It has been exerting tremendous influence upon political and economic aspects of life. It is said that man from the earliest times has been incurably religious. Religion is concerned with the shared beliefs and practices of human beings.
It is the human response to those elements in the life and environment of mankind which are beyond their ordinary comprehension.
Religion is pre-eminently social and is found in nearly all societies. Majumdar and Madan explain that the word religion has its origin in the Latin word Rel I igio.
This is derived from two root words. The second root refers to the carrying out those activities which link human beings with the supernatural powers. Thus, we find that the word religion basically represents beliefs and practices which are generally the main characteristics of all religions.
Central to all religions is the concept of faith. Religion in this sense is the organisation of faith which binds human beings to their temporal and transcendental foundation.
By faith man is distinguished from other beings. It is essentially a subjective and private matter. Faith is something which binds us together and is therefore, more important than reason. As a matter of fact the forms in which religion expresses itself vary so much that it is difficult to agree upon a definition.
Some maintain that religion includes a belief in supernatural or mysterious powers and that it expresses itself in overt activities designed to deal with those powers.
Others regard religion as something very earthly and materialistic, designed to achieve practical ends. While it is possible to define religion as belief in God or some super-natural powers, it is well to remember that there can also be a Godless religion as Buddhism.
In sociology, the word religion is used in a wider sense than that used in religious books.
A common characteristic found among all religions is that they represent a complex of emotional feelings and attitudes towards mysterious and perplexities of life. According to Radin it consists of two parts: The physiological part expresses itself in such acts as kneeling, closing the eyes, touching the feet.
The psychological part consists of supernormal sensitivity to certain traditions and beliefs. If we analyse the great religions of the world, we shall find that each of them contains, five basic elements: Belief in Supernatural Powers: The first basic element of religion is the belief that there are supernatural powers.
These powers are believed to influence human life and control all natural phenomena. Some call these supernatural forces God, other call them Gods.Carl Jung and the Spiritual Anima and Animus Essay Carl Jung was the founder of analytical psychology and believed that the process of individuation was required for a person to become whole.
Jung discovered the collective unconscious, which included . Essay terms explained Study guide To write a good essay, you firstly need to have a clear understanding of what the essay question is asking you to do. Looking at the essay question in close detail will help you to identify the topic and ‘directive words’ (Dhann, ), which instruct you how to answer the question.
Examine: Look in. Examine Jung’s understanding of religion. -Religion is an expression of the collective unconsious -religion stems from archetypes -beneficial pheonomenon -harmonises the psyche -the removal of religion would result in neurosis Religion is an expression of the collective unconsious -Mrs miller.
Jung identified the similarities found in a number of religions for example in Islam Muslim’s refer to god as light ‘nur’ correspondingly in Christianity “I am the light of the world.
Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life. paragraph states the view that Jung’s understanding of religion in psychological terms means that God is not explained away but, on the contrary, is needed and is beneficial.
The final part of the second paragraph is not very clear but the candidate seems to be arguing Jung’s view. Examine Jung’s understanding of religion (30 marks) Carl Gustav Jung a Swiss psychiatrist and a contemporary to the most controversial minds: Freud, who of which Jung’s theories to begin with were influenced by, but later grew opposition towards his ideas and started pursuing his own - Examine Jung’s understanding of religion (30 marks) introduction.